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Thread: Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

  1. #1

    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    [font=Times New Roman:2l30y9g8]
    In order to understand the disappearance of body fat, we must enter the world of biochemistry. All fats, whether solid or liquid, exist in chemical form as triglycerides, which consist of a glycerol molecule and three fatty acid chains. Each triglyceride macromolecule's appearance is similar to the letter "E"--with the glycerol being the vertical line and the fatty acids as the three horizontal lines. Many of these triglycerides are stored as droplets of oil within the fat cells that make up the fat tissue located throughout the body. They represent a fuel source to support bodily activities, like gasoline held in a car's fuel tank.

    [font=Times New Roman:2l30y9g8]People who are overweight or obese--as roughly 66 percent of American adults are--possess large fat cells brimming with triglyceride fuel. When trimming calories and/or increasing exercise during weight loss, the enzyme hormone-sensitive lipase, located within fat cells, responds to hormonal messages and disassembles triglycerides into their component glycerol and fatty acids. These components then slip out of the fat cells and into the bloodstream, where they are accessible to tissues throughout the body. The liver preferentially absorbs the glycerol and some of the fatty acids--the remainder of which is taken in by muscle.[/font:2l30y9g8]

    [font=Times New Roman:2l30y9g8]Once inside liver or muscle cells, the triglyceride ingredients are further disassembled and modified, eventually resulting in large quantities of a compound called acetyl-CoA. Within the cells' mitochondria--the powerhouses of the cells--the acetyl-CoA combines with the compound oxaloacetate to form citric acid. This synthesis kicks off the citric acid cycle (or Krebs cycle), a set of chemical reactions that creates usable energy from fat, protein and carbohydrates. As these mitochondrial activities unfold, they generate carbon dioxide, water and heat, as well as adenosine triphosphate (ATP), an energy-carrying molecule that fuels cellular activities.[/font:2l30y9g8]

    [font=Times New Roman:2l30y9g8]The carbon dioxide is then expelled from the lungs during exhalation. The water exits the body as urine and perspiration. The heat that is generated helps to maintain body temperature at a comfortable 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit. And the ATP powers cellular activities that require energy--from moving your muscles during exercise, to maintaining your heart's 100,000-plus beats each day, to digesting each mouthful of food that you swallow and processing nutrients into bodily tissues.[/font:2l30y9g8]
    [/font]


    [font=Times New Roman:2l30y9g8]The above article was provided by Lora A. Sporny, adjunct associate professor of nutrition education at Columbia University, and it can be found in original format here.[/font:2l30y9g8]

  2. #2
    dboydbla
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    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    Wow, interesting stuff! I've always wondered where all that fat goes when people lose it!

  3. #3
    RyPat
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    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    oh. I get it...if I go pee more often and breathe really fast, I'll get ripped. Thanks!

  4. #4
    mikex1337
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    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    Well, you would have to exercise to get the fat into your bloodstream first.

  5. #5

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    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    Or eat less/increase SNS output.

  6. #6
    RyPat
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    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    Ok, now I have a serious question/comment. In reference to low carbohydrate diets and the "fat burns in the flame of carbohydrate"--how true is that really?

    Can't your body use Pyruvate to make both Acetyl-CoA and Oxaloacetate to enter the Krebs cycle, thus bypassing glycolysis? Pyruvate can be made from Amino Acids (like alanine) and I found on wikipedia that aspartate can also be converted to OOA. So with proper contributions from proteins to make pyruvate and OOA and fats via beta oxidation making ACoA (ultimately), is there any problem with a low carbohydrate diet.

    Also, wouldn't contributions from gluconeogenic proteins like glutamine offer glucose for the Krebs cycle? And would it be more proper to say the body burns fat in the flame of carbohydrate preferably? The whole process without carbohydrates seems metabolically inefficient, but in terms of fat loss, that’s a good thing. I think.

    Fill in the gaps and correct me if I'm wrong...i'm a little rusty on my biochem.

  7. #7

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    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    When glucose/glycogen is low and at a premium, the body's response overall is to mobilize fat stores (via SNS activity), so you've got a lot more FFA in the bloodstream. Locally, the cells will upregulate insulin sensitivity and FFA oxidation, via cAMP/AMPK.

    Don't know the actual biochem behind it offhand, beyond that, but when you zoom out a bit that's the process. Ultimately, the body's going to get energy from where it can get it. If FFA is all that's available, then FFA it is.

    Gluconeogenesis will only become a significant contributor to blood glucose with very high intakes. I think even at 1.5g/lb it's not any significant contribution; on low carbs/cals, most of that is being oxidized and going to support protein turnover anyway.

    That, coincidentally, is why anaerobically-intensive exertion is such a bitch on low carb intakes.

  8. #8
    Relentl3ss
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    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    WOW did not know that! great article

  9. #9
    Administrator Roland Denzel's Avatar
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    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    Quote Originally Posted by "Relentl3ss":19iebpys
    WOW did not know that! great article
    Can you please check the dates of these threads before you bump them?

    This is four years old.

    Thanks!

  10. #10
    Colorista
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    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    Might be four years old, but those of us who have only been on here for less than a year might've missed it. Unless the science has changed and this article's out of date now...?

  11. #11
    Administrator Roland Denzel's Avatar
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    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    This is a valid point. My apologies.

  12. #12
    Colorista
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    Ever wonder where all that fat goes? (Read Here)

    No problem; there's SO MUCH great information on JPF that it's hard to sift through, so when a bubble of info like this rises to the surface, I'm always appreciative of whoever dug it up from the depths!

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